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CBN Bars Agents From Using PoS Terminals For Transactions

 The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has barred agents from using Point of Sale (PoS) terminals meant for merchants to carry out cash-in and cash-out transactions.

The apex bank disclosed this in a circular announcing the Exposure Draft of the Regulatory Framework for Agent Banking in Nigeria.

Agent banking is a financial inclusion service which the bank has adopted to extend retail reach across all segments. This service include First Monie, EcoBank express, UBA Moni, Zenith mobile money, among several others.

According to the CBN, the agent banking initiative has resulted in the proliferation of financial services agents across Nigeria, resulting in a significant and growing portion of financial transactions being conducted through the agents.

Hower, the CBN in a Circular signed by its Director, Payments System Management Department, Musa I. Jimoh, warned agents against carrying out transactions where a receipt or acknowledgement cannot be generated.

It  also barred the agents from  carrying out transaction in foreign currency.

“This has necessitated the review of agent banking regulations to streamline activities in agent banking while ensuring that appropriate risk mitigation measures are taken by stakeholders.

“Section 8.3 of the guidelines which highlighted prohibited activities for agents stated: 

“An agent shall not accept deposit or allow withdrawal above an amount which shall be prescribed, from time to time by the bank.

“Use the wrong option for transactions e.g agents shall not use the purchase option PoS Terminals for cash in and cash out transactions.

“Agent banks are not allowed to provide, render, or hold itself out to be providing or rendering any banking service which is not specifically permitted in the contract.

“Open accounts, grant loans or carry out any appraisal function for purposes of opening an account or granting of a loan or any other facility except as may be permitted by any other written law to which the agent is subject.

“Undertake cheque deposit and encashment of cheques. Accept deposit or allow withdrawal above an amount which shall be prescribed, from time to time, by the bank.

“The agent bank employee also should not be a staff of financial institution and also provide cash advances.”



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